I see an important problem in the adaptation of first-year students when online learning is necessary. They don't know each other very well, they don't have group cohesion, they don't have a common motivation. Although it is these facts in offline learning that push students to be ready and initiative to take part in the discussion. What tools should be used to solve this problem?
I agree with you. There is really a such problem. The teacher should create the safe environment where students feel at easy and not afraid to share and express their feelings and be flexible with tasks and deadlines. It is really important for first-year students. I suggest: the teacher can start creating connections before the course starts (send a welcome letter a few weeks prior the start of the course, create an inviting learning space and be accessible to his students and put communication policy to his course.
This is a very important problem because adapting to life and study at the university is the foundation for the further development of the student both as a person and as a future specialist. I think that teacher should regularly create small study groups of three or four participants and give out assignments like project work.